ADHD - Introduction, Symptoms, Treatment & Video Explanation

ADHD - Introduction, Symptoms, Treatment & Video Explanation

ADHD - Introduction, Symptoms, Treatment & Video Explanation

Introduction

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or simply ADHD is a chronic complex brain disorder characterized by the signs of inattention, restlessness & difficulty in controlling impulsive behaviours. Mostly it affects children & teens, however adults are also at heavy risk of having this disorder.

According to a study, almost 11% of children & 5% of adults in the United States are suffering from this disorder.

ADHD is firstly often spotted in early childhood (school going age), when a child begins to show inattention problems leading to disruption in classwork.

ADHD can't be cured at present as there are no official treatments available today that may be effective against this disorder. However, its symptoms can be managed if spotted in early stages.

Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

The symptoms of ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can be categorised in 3 categories : Behavioural, Cognitive & Symptoms based on Mood

Behavioural Symptoms Include : Lack of restraint or hyperactivity, irritability, fidgeting,  aggression, repetition of same actions or words, impulsivity & excitability.

Cognitive Symptoms Include : Inattention, absent-mindedness & forgetfulness.

Mood based Symptoms Include : Frequent mood swings, high anger or IED, boredom & unusual excitement.

Most people suffering from this disorder experience symptoms that fall in all the three mentioned categories, but some people can experience symptoms like depression or learning disability, that do not fall in any of these symptom based categories.

Symptoms of ADHD in Children

The symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children can be noticed easily before the age of 6. Parents & teachers are the main keys who can notice these symptoms in child at home & school. These symptoms include :

  • Short-attention or focusing span
  • Repeated Fidgeting
  • Unable to sit in calm environment
  • Lack of concentration
  • Low self esteem
  • Doing repeated mistakes in schoolwork
  • Forgetting things within short time
  • Difficulty in organising tasks
  • Excessive talking which leads to disruption in classroom
  • Doing things without thinking
  • Changing actions constantly

Symptoms of ADHD in Adults

In adults, the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) can't be recognised easily. However, for effective treatment these symptoms are important to recognise as soon as possible. If remained untreated, a person suffering from ADHD can face many problems in daily life including in relationships.

The symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD in adults include :

  • Lack of concentration
  • Always forgetful
  • Can't handle easy tasks
  • Impulsiveness
  • Negative feelings
  • Getting bored easily
  • Frustration
  • Depression
  • Mood swings
  • Lack of motivation
  • Restlessness
  • Fidgeting & anxiety
  • Inability to maintain physical health
  • Fatigue
  • Inability to handle relationships

Treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Treatment Options for ADHD

Treatment Options for ADHD

At present, there is no proper treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD. However certain medications & therapies have been proved effective for managing its symptoms & sometimes can help you to recover from this disorder. These treatments include :

Stimulant and Non-Stimulant medications

Stimulant Medications : amphetamine-based stimulants (Adderall, Dexedrine, Dextrostat), dextromethamphetamine (Desoxyn), dextromethylphenidate (Focalin), methylphenidate (Concerta, Daytrana, Metadate, Ritalin).

Non-Stimulant Medicines : atomoxetine (Strattera), nortriptyline (anti-depressant), guanfacine (anti-depressant), clonidine (anti-depressant).

Therapeutic Treatments for ADHD

In Addition to medications, several therapies can help people suffering from ADHD to manage their symptoms or recover from this disorder. These therapies include :

  • Psychotherapy
  • Behavior therapy
  • Social skills training

Other Treatment Options

  • Support groups
  • Parenting skills training
  • Stress Management

Video Explanation