Dyslexia - Introduction, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Options

Dyslexia, also known as reading disorder or learning disability, is a type of neurological disorder characterized by trouble in learning how to read, process graphic symbols, words or sounds of words.

People suffering from dyslexia often make mistakes while reading a written content & experience trouble while reading quickly. They also have trouble in understanding the words or sentences they read.

Dyslexia - Introduction, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options

Dyslexia - Introduction, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Options

Dyslexia - Introduction, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Options

According to a research, nearly 10% of people are having dyslexia while the severity of symptoms may vary from person to person.

Dyslexia is not an illness or a result of poor teaching but a neurological condition or disorder that runs genetically in families. It could be also a result of trauma or brain injury.

People of all ages can be tested for dyslexia, however the tests are different for children & adults.

The signs & symptoms of dyslexia can be easily noticed in children or youngsters. Receiving proper attention, diagnosis, support & guidance in early stage can help dyslexic individuals to reduce the severity of symptoms with the age & recover from this neurological disability.

Signs and Symptoms of Dyslexia

Recognizing the symptoms & signs of dyslexia neurological disorder is not going to be an easy task for the parents before the child enters the school, but some early clues, if noticed, may give indication to this very disorder.

Once the child enters the school age, teachers may be the first individuals to notice some early signs of Dyslexia in the child, however, they may not be able to determine whether the child is suffering from dyslexia. They may only detect the early signs of Dyslexia in the child that suggest an immediate assessment from a expert or psychologist in order to actually diagnose the problem.

Symptoms and Signs of Dyslexia in Child (Before School Going Age)

The signs & symptoms of dyslexia in a young child before reaching the school-going age include : 

  • Child shows difficulty while talking. This includes late-talking & talking-slowly
  • Dyslexic Child always/often learns new words slowly
  • Child having Dyslexia experiences problems while forming words correctly or learning sound-alike words or reversing the sounds of words
  • Problems in remembering the names of family members
  • Forgetting
  • They are often unable to remember the words or name of numbers, letters & colors
  • Experience difficulty in learning rhymical sentences or playing rhyming games or nursery rhymes

Symptoms and Signs of Dyslexia in Children (During School Going Age)

During the school age of a child, the signs and symptoms of dyslexia disorder become more clear & apparent. The teachers of the dyslexic child may notice the following signs that are the symptoms of Dyslexia neurological disorder :

  • The child experiences difficulty in learning new vocabulary words quickly
  • Has problems in understanding & processing whatever hears
  • Often unable to give correct answers to the questions asked
  • Problems in finding correct words
  • Unable to copy from given writings or book
  • Difficulty in giving the sequence to things or remembering the sequence
  • Unable to remember the content of favorite book
  • Inability to trace-out the similarities and differences in letters and words
  • Problems in spelling
  • Unable to pronounce the sounds of unfamiliar words
  • Avoiding reading activities
  • Taking more time in completing the reading & writing tasks

Symptoms and Signs of Dyslexia in Teens & Adults

The signs of dyslexia in teens and adults are more apparent & hence can be easily noticed by an expert or even by the family members & friends. These signs are mostly similar to that of children, but their severity may be matter of point. Common dyslexic signs and symptoms found in teens and adults include :

  • Showing anti-reading behavior or having problems with activities involving reading
  • Experiencing difficulty in reading loudly & quickly
  • Problems with writing or tasks involving writing
  • Trouble in understanding anything heard for sometime
  • Difficultly in spelling the words correctly
  • Unable to identify things or colors within limited time
  • Difficultly in making new friends
  • Often avoiding puzzle type games & activities
  • Unable to correctly pronounce the words, names or sounds
  • Problems with retrieving the sentences or words
  • Unable to understand the meaning of expressions
  • Trouble while understanding & learning other languages
  • Often forgetting the things or works that are important
  • Facing trouble in summarizing a topic or a story
  • Unable to complete reading & writing tasks on time.
  • Experiencing frequent difficulties while solving mathematical problems
  • Unable to memorize
  • Can't concentrate or difficulty in concentrating
  • Frustration
  • Low memory power

Causes of Dyslexia

The causes of development of Dyslexia disorder in children is not properly known. However, some researchers give dyslexia a genetic link. They believe that this disorder is mainly caused due to the changes or problems in DCDC2 gene. While the vast majority of people have dyslexia disorder due to brain injury or stroke during birth or in childhood age.

This disorder may be also caused due to the exposure to drugs, alcohol, nicotine or infection that may harm brain development in fetus during pregnancy. Premature birth & differences in brain parts may also develop dyslexia disorder in child.

Treatment for Dyslexia Disorder

Dyslexia - Introduction, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Options

Dyslexia - Introduction, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment Options

Though there is no medical treatment for dyslexia but right support for the affected child, talk therapy & some basic tools & techniques may be beneficial in the treatment of this particular disorder. 

Educational Techniques

Dyslexia is dealt with utilizing explicit instructive methodologies and procedures, and the sooner the mediation starts, could be better. Mental testing will assist your child's instructors with fostering an appropriate educating program.

Your child's teachers may opt hearing & vision techniques that are helpful in improving the reading skills & reducing the symptom severity.

Educational Techniques help dyslexic children to :

  • Learn the unfamiliar words
  • Understand the meanings of expressions, sentences & words
  • To build a vocabulary of words recognized 
  • Learn the technique of reading aloud
  • Opt proven methods in-order to solve tasks on time
  • To learn how to read & write correctly & quickly
  • Improve the reading & writing skills

Other Treatment Tips

  • Make special breakfast for your child. (E.g. Include almonds, dark chocolate, fatty fish, milk etc.)
  • Address the problem early
  • Read aloud in front of your child
  • Encourage your child to read
  • Explain to your children until they understand
  • Take steps to help you child to read at home
  • Fulfill the needs of your child on time
  • Limit your child for using electronic devices such as TV, Smartphone etc.
  • Give time to play physical games
  • Talk with child's teacher
  • Help your children in increasing their writing skills
  • Consult a neurologist or neuropsychologist as soon as possible

Video Explanation