Emotional Intelligence - Characteristics, Impact & ways to Improve it

Emotional Intelligence - Characteristics, Impact & ways to Improve it

Emotional Intelligence (EI) or Emotional Quotient (EQ), also known as Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ) is an ability of a person to recognize, perceive, understand & manage his own emotions.

It has been also referred to, as an ability of an individual to take control of his own emotions (like sadness, happiness etc.) in a positive way in order to come-out from illnesses like depression, stress, anxiety & achieve goals easily.

The origin of Emotional Intelligence in an Individual has been in doubt since decades. Experts believe that this ability can learned & strengthened throughout the life, while some other researchers claim that it is an inborn characteristic feature.

Psychologists have defined Emotional Intelligence as an ability to express, control, manage, recognize & perceive one's own emotions along with understanding & responding the emotions of others in a positive way.  According to them, Emotional Intelligence (EI) or Emotional Quotient (EQ) could be more important than Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in overall success of life.

How is Emotional Intelligence (EI) or Emotional Quotient (EQ) measured ?

Emotional intelligence level or EI level is measured by two types of assessments, ability tests & self-report tests.

Ability based tests involve people to respond some situations during which their overall Emotional Intelligence is assessed or measured. On the other hand, self-report assessments involve people to respond some psychological questions asked by experts based on their behavior.

Characteristics of people having high Emotional Intelligence Quotient

  • Empathetic : High EIQ individuals are always empathetic. They understand and feel the feelings of others.
  • Optimistic : People having high Emotional Intelligence are always optimistic. (i.e.; always expect good things to happen, stay positive)
  • Self-Aware : Emotionally Intelligent people are always self-aware. They have conscious knowledge of their own feelings & character.
  • Emotionally intelligent people always love success - be it for themselves or others.
  • People having high EQ level always resist in all conditions & situations till achievement.
  • They are always in self-control with very high confidence levels.
  • Curiosity is the main characteristic always present in people having high Emotional Intelligence.
  • Well disciplined & Open-minded : They are always well disciplined & open-minded.
  • Have high motivational & social skills.
  • People having high Emotional Intelligence (EI) are often helpful, sympathetic, transparent & honest.
  • Have ability to recognize how their emotions are affecting others.
  • Ability to understand & feel the emotions of others.
  • Emotionally intelligent individuals have the ability to perceive & take control of their own emotions along with the emotions of others.

How to increase Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ) ?

  • Be Confident : Confidence leads to success. Always be confident for whatever good you are going to do. This will help you become emotionally strong.
  • Take Responsibility : Always take responsibility for your wrong doings. Take responsibility whatever wrong you have done. (If you have hurt someone, apologize by saying "Sorry").
  • Learn to Take Control : Learn to control your emotional behavior. Be happy but never let your emotions go out of your control. When you're sad, focus on other things that may feel you happy. Try to understand the emotions of others & respond to them positively.
  • Examine your responses : Try to understand how your responses, decisions & other actions are affecting others.
  • Take Note : Note how you respond to sad, happy & stressful situations.
  • Convert : Change your bad habits. Try to convert your weakness into strength. Convert your dependence on something to in-dependence.
  • Avoid Laziness : Never show laziness in any situation. Change your attitude.
  • Self-Esteem : Self-esteem is important for increasing your EIQ.
  • Never give up : Whenever you fall, stand up & do hard-work. Resist till achievement.
  • Opt Good-Habits : Try to be sympathetic, transparent, open minded & honest.
  • Self-respect : It should be your top priority, whatever the situation may be.

Impact of having high Emotional Intelligence

During the recent years, the interest in teaching & learning emotional intelligence has grown rapidly as various Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) programs have been launched & initiated throughout the world schools.

The aim of these initiatives is not only to improve health and well-being of students but also to help them to fight for their rights, achieve goals & avoid bullying. There are numerous instances of how the ability to understand individuals on a profound level can assume a part in day to day life.

The capacity to understand people at their core is fundamental for great relational correspondence. Some experts believe that this capacity is more significant in deciding life accomplishment than Intelligence Quotient (IQ) alone. Luckily, there are things that you can do to fortify your own social and the ability to understand anyone on a deeper level.

Thinking Before Responding

Emotionally smart individuals realize that feelings can be strong, yet additionally impermanent. At the point when an emotional event occurs, for example, ending up being furious with an associate, the people having high EIQ always think & take some time prior to reacting. This permits everybody to quiet their emotional behavior and trace out the root cause of problem.

More noteworthy Self-Awareness

People having high emotional intelligence quotient  are not just great at contemplating how others may feel however they are additionally proficient at understanding their own sentiments. This permits them to consider the various variables that add to their feelings.

Compassion for Others

An enormous piece of the ability to appreciate individuals on a profound level is having the option to contemplate and identify with how others are feeling. This frequently includes thinking about how you would react assuming you were in a similar circumstance.